Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the Marfan Syndrome related syndromes.

Prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the Marfan Syndrome related syndromes in Switzerland - Ticino.

Prevention, diagnosis and quality treatment of the Marfan Syndrome related syndromes, a genetic disorder that may be manifest in many ways. The most dangerous characteristic is, however, the onset of dilation of the aorta, which may even lead to rupture.

Advantages

Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that may be manifest in many ways, including generalised ligament laxity, possible crystalline lens dislocation, myopia, scoliosis, flat feet, deformation of the sternum, evident elongation of the limbs, hands and feet, and cardiac valve degeneration. The most dangerous characteristic is, however, the onset of dilation of the aorta, which may even lead to rupture. The mutation responsible for the syndrome occurs in the FBN1 gene governing the formation of fibrillin-1, an essential component of the elastic fibres in connective tissues.

Cardiocentro Lugano offers a programme for the prevention, diagnosis and quality treatment of this and related syndromes, Cardiocentro Ticino and its Heart Surgery Department have organised a special service, the first to provide patients a specialised service, expressly focused on these pathologies that have a serious impact on the cardiovascular system.

Indications

The likelihood of transmitting the mutation is 50% which means that, if one of the parents carries this mutation, there is a 50/50 chance that the child will inherit it. There are other aneurysmal conditions of the aorta which share characteristics with Marfan syndrome but which stem from different gene mutations. In all these cases, early diagnosis is essential: when backed up with adequate pharmacological treatment or timely cardiac surgery, the life expectancy of patients with these disorders can be normal.

 

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